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Liệu pháp tế bào là gì? (Cell Therapy)

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Liệu pháp tế bào là gì?

Liệu pháp tế bào bao gồm các quá trình lâm sàng liên tục phát triển vẫn đang được nghiên cứu và khám phá như một phương tiện để thay thế hoặc sửa chữa các tế bào, mô hoặc cơ quan của con người. Một ví dụ về một trong những quy trình này là ghép tủy xương, đòi hỏi phải thu hoạch các tế bào hồng cầu khỏe mạnh từ mô xốp bên trong xương của người hiến và chuyển chúng vào dòng máu bệnh nhân. Đổi lại, chúng sẽ phát triển các tế bào hồng cầu, bạch cầu và tiểu cầu khỏe mạnh trong cơ thể bệnh nhân. Quá trình này được sử dụng để điều trị bệnh nhân mắc một số bệnh ung thư và một số bệnh chẳng hạn như bệnh bạch cầu và thiếu máu hồng cầu hình lưỡi liềm. Một hình thức trị liệu tế bào khác hiện đang trải qua các thử nghiệm lâm sàng liên quan đến việc thu hoạch tế bào gốc và tế bào tái tạo từ mô mỡ.

Recent Technology Discovered the Benefits of Adipose-Derived Regenerative Cells (ADRCs)

New technology and research led the cell therapy scene to the use of Adipose tissue- or fat tissue. Adipose tissue is a rich source of regenerative cells that can transform into various types of cells, including muscle, bone, fat, cartilage and nerve cells. They can be used to promote bone healing, cardiovascular regeneration, pancreatic regeneration and so on. There are a couple benefits of using adipose tissue as a source of regenerative cells as opposed to bone marrow.

Instead of receiving the cells from a bone marrow donor, Adipose-Derived Regenerative Cells (ADRCs) can be harvested from the same patient who is being treated. This eliminates the risk of the cells being rejected by the patient’s body, as well as the risk of disease transmission. The adipose tissue is collected from the patient through a minimally invasive surgery and yields more regenerative cells compared to ones derived from bone marrow.

Another benefit is that the process of harvesting the ADRCs and transferring them to the patient can be completed within less than two hours. Without the need for cell culture after extraction of the adipose tissue, patients can receive the ADRCs during the same visit. It cuts down on the time spent on the procedure, as well as reduces the cost of the treatment, by eliminating that extra step.

Computer Technology Enables ADRCs

Cells TherapyMedical device manufacturers have been developing specialized machines to carry out this process. These machines can be used to safely and efficiently extract and separate the regenerative cells from the adipose tissue. The equipment is required to remain sterile to protect the ADRCs from becoming contaminated. The procedure involves continuously washing the adipose tissue with clinical-grade processing reagents inside the equipment. The machine then isolates and purifies the concentration of ADRCs to prepare it for administration to the patient. This smart device is required to be closed and automated in order to retrieve the patient’s regenerative cells and safely process the tissues.

The computer that serves as the brain of the device’s operation is required to have high processing power to perform the related complex tasks. It must be able to deliver results with accuracy and speed. It must also be highly reliable and offer communication options and connectivity to other peripherals. Smaller form factors are desirable due to the required mobility of the equipment. High level of flexibility for customization is expected in order for the medical device manufacturers to integrate and adapt the computer to the device design and its required functionalities. With emerging industrial computer technology, a small form factor motherboard such as a Pico-ITX can pack a punch with its high performance CPU and flexible features to facilitate the integration and deliver the desired functions a medical device manufacturer may seek.

Axiomtek Embedded Motherboards and Support

Axiomtek offers a full range of industrial embedded motherboards, which have been selected by world-renowned medical device manufacturers for many complex medical applications. They come in a variety of form factors with comprehensive and useful features suitable for a wide variety of medical device products. The motherboards are feature-rich with scalable processors, rich I/O options, flexible customization and easy-to-integrate designs.

Axiomtek’s design engineering and value-added services have helped support many medical device manufacturers with their board- or system-level designs throughout their device development processes. With more than 25 years of expertise in providing assistance to medical device manufacturers and providing the latest in computer technology, Axiomtek is focused on its commitment to the medical industry to deliver innovative computers and first-in-class services to help our medical OEM and ODM customers successfully and effectively achieve their project goals.

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