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Giao thức HART và ứng dụng trong công nghiệp

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Giao thức HART và ứng dụng trong công nghiệp

The HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer) protocol uses the Bell 202 Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) standard to superimpose digital communication signals on the 4-20 mA loop current shown as below figure. HART communicates at 1200 bps without interrupting and interference with the 4-20mA signal and allows a host application (master) to send/receive digital information from a smart field device. The 4-20mA signal communicates the primary measured value – the fastest and most reliable industry standard. The digital signal can be used for additional device information including device status, diagnostics, additional measured or calculated values, etc. Therefore, the HART communication including analog and digital information provides a low-cost and very robust complete field communication solution that is easy to use and configure.

HART is a master/slave protocol which provides for up to two masters (primary and secondary) and the secondary master such as handheld can be used to monitor/control the informatoin of HART bus. HART can be used in various modes such as point-to-point or multi-drop for communicating information to/from smart field instruments and central control or monitoring systems. The following are the description of two main HART operation modes.

(1) Peer-to-Peer mode (analog/digital)
The analog and digital information can be communicated simultaneously in this mode. Both the 4-20 mA current and the digital signal are valid output values from HART instrument. The polling address of the HART instrument must set to be “0” and just one HART instrument can be put on HART bus. An optional “burst” communication mode where a single slave device can continuously broadcast a standard HART reply message can be used in peer-to-peer configuration and the higher update rates are possible.

(2) Multi-drop mode (digital)
In this mode, only the digital signal can be used and the analog loop current is fixed at 4 mA. It is possible to have up to 15 instruments on HART bus. The polling addresses of the instruments could be from 1 to 15 and each instrument needs a unique address.


  • Relatively easy to understand and use, the HART protocol provides access to the wealth of additional information (variables, diagnostics, calibration, etc.)
  • HART is a no risk solution for enhanced field communication
  • Compatibility with standard 4-20mA wiring
  • Simultaneous transmission of digital data
  • Risk reduction through a highly accurate and robust protocol
  • Increase Plant Availability
  • Reduce Maintenance Costs
  • Improve regulatory compliance

The following are the HART products provided by ICP DAS including converter, gateway and remote I/O modules etc


Ethernet(TCP/IP) to HART converter
Remote to acquire HART information and send/receive HART command via Ethernet
USB to HART converter
Convenient for users to acquire HART information quickly and send/receive HART command via USB
Serial to HART converter
Easily integrate HART devices via serial port including RS-232 / 422 / 485 interface with HMI / PLC / PC
HART to Fiber converter
Extend HART communication distance via single mode Fiber Optic medium (30 km)
HART Device Simulator (Software)
HART slave devices simulation software
Modbus RTU/ASCII to HART Gateway (Upright)
Designed as the HART master device and allows MB/RTU & ASCII master to access the HART devices
Modbus/RTU & ASCII to HART gateway
Designed as the HART master device and allows MB/RTU & ASCII master to access the HART devices
Modbus TCP/UDP to HART Gateway
Designed as the HART master device and allows MB/TCP client to access the HART devices
PROFIBUS to HART gateway
Designed as the HART master device and allows PROFIBUS DP master to access the HART devices
Remote I/O Unit
HART AI module with 8 ch. for PAC
I-87K module for AI signal acquisition and send/receive HART command
HART Signal Filter (Upright)
Splits the input HART device signal to two output channels.
(1)One channel keeps the original HART signal.
(2)Another channel filters the HART signal out to output pure analog current signal
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